Water scarcity is mainly man-made due to excessive population growth and mismanagement of water resources
We celebrated the 22 Marchas World Water Day. It’s about what water means to people, its true value and how we can better protect this vital resource. In summer, the heat wave is repeated year after year. This year it’s more. We should be prepared. Water points must be created. Without caring about the bad impact on ecology, we have destroyed forests, dried up lakes by filling with mud and constructing buildings, unplanned urbanization, etc. Greed has no limits. Small trees are cut mercilessly. On the other hand, we don’t want to reduce the harms of infinite solar heat by adopting the simplest methods of keeping premises solar passive like white roofs and planting trees drip irrigated with water infinite self-harvested.
Water scarcity is mainly man-made due to excessive population growth and mismanagement of water resources. Water scarcity can be defined as a situation where people do not have enough water to meet their basic needs. Man has wasted water in many ways, causing a shortage of natural resources.
There is severe water shortage in almost every city due to people’s change in lifestyle. Most of our lakes have dried up. Groundwater levels are extremely low, in addition to being contaminated. There is not enough water for the city’s burgeoning population. Water wastage should be avoided. Polluting bodies of water should be avoided because all forms of life depend on water to live. In addition, all vegetation needs water to survive. Rivers, streams and lakes must therefore be kept clean. Plastic, garbage, chemicals as well as synthetics should not be dumped into bodies of water. Domestic and industrial waste must not be discharged into bodies of water. There are many ways to save and recycle water. Fix any leaky faucets in your home. Seventy to 150 liters of water are wasted due to dripping taps. As long as the water is flowing from our taps, we are satisfied. We do not understand the value of water. One can purify the stored water and use it for various purposes like washing, cleaning and cooking.
According to statistics, it is found that only 1% of the total water remains which is useful to mankind and 98.5% is available in the sea which is salt water and not worth living. About 71% of the earth’s surface is covered by water, also called the earth’s hydrosphere, in which 96.5% of water is found in the seas or oceans which are salt water and are not useful to anyone. Also 1.7% is found in groundwater, 1.7% in glaciers and 0.001% in the air as vapor or clouds. 2.5% of the total water on earth is fresh water of which 98.8% is ice and groundwater; thus, only about 1% is in the form of drinking water. Seeing this calculation, we can imagine the amount of available water that is useful to us.
The government must increase its investment in technology and include all stakeholders at the planning level to ensure value for money from existing resources. Population increase and rapid urbanization have led to overexploitation of water resources, leading to pollution and water scarcity. Rain, rivers and wells have been the traditional sources of human freshwater. Global warming is disrupting natural precipitation patterns. Rivers are slowly being killed at their sources by the constant destruction of forests and the construction of large dams, and the overdevelopment of groundwater.
In this current situation, when there is less fresh water left on earth, we are still indifferent to the misuse of water, which is completely wrong in every way. We continually squander this precious gift of nature by doing evil and reprehensible acts. It must be remembered that thousands have lived without love, not one without water.
We must be aware of the importance of fresh water and be able to maintain the management of fresh water resources. Aren’t we thinking of leaving global solutions aside? something needs to be done at national and regional level? It is rightly said “A drop of water is worth more than a bag of gold to a thirsty man”.
Writer is a freelance journalist, writer and cartoonist