What is water conservation for Johannesburg Water? Typically, when one is introduced to the term, the immediate thought in most cases relates to the concept of harvesting rainwater during heavy downpours, and that is where it ends. For Johannesburg Water, water conservation is an entire value chain, primarily centered on the strategies and processes for efficiently delivering high quality water and harvesting it in the most optimized way, to ensure the durability.
Johannesburg Water sources its water from Rand Water, the largest water utility in Africa, which supplies drinking water to Gauteng Province and other parts of the country. Johannesburg Water supplies 1.6 billion liters of drinking water per day to the city of Johannesburg through a 12,288 km water distribution network. The wastewater collection network extends over 11,710 km in the city of Johannesburg.
Understanding the direct relationship between water conservation and the water supply and wastewater collection network is the premise of the framework in which Johannesburg Water formulates its appreciation of the value chain for water conservation in the city. Without going into the intricate detail of the functional elements of water conservation strategies as a whole, a quick summary can be presented to provide operational context, from an educational platform.
Johannesburg Water moved into reservoir management after Rand Water’s reticulation management water supply. Using the vast network, the end user takes over before collection; the wastewater is then collected via a large separate network, and finally the wastewater is treated and discharged; Johannesburg Water operates six treatment facilities. All elements of these processes are the direct responsibility of Johannesburg Water as an organization, with the least direct element being customer usage and behaviors.
The all-encompassing formal description of water conservation includes all policies, strategies and activities aimed at sustainably managing the natural freshwater resource, protecting the hydrosphere and meeting current and future human demand. This is where water demand management comes in, dealing with usage demands and applicable factors, which include population size, structural household consumption, and party growth and wealth. complexes of the society served. The other component that can be attributed to societal factors affecting water demand management includes the economic environment; the city of Johannesburg is considered one of the richest in South Africa.
What is water demand management for Johannesburg Water? The Water Research Commission (WRC) describes water demand management as the set of reforms and actions aimed at optimizing existing water supplies. To simplify this in the context of Johannesburg water, the city of Johannesburg is one of the fastest growing cities in terms of population. This means that there is an ever-increasing need for water in direct correlation with growing activities; this is essentially what water demand describes.
The management aspects are the strategic measures and essentially the responses that Johannesburg Water and the city can propose to meet the demand. Again, the idea is not to dive too deeply into the intricacies, but essentially the organization needs to ensure that the infrastructure (new pipelines) is available to deliver water according to service demand. In addition, Johannesburg Water should offer improved tools to manage delivery and service level requests.