Forests are said to be the lungs of planet Earth and cover nearly 31% of the land mass or its surface. Yet this is not enough. The United Nations has repeatedly reminded us that due to climate change and human interference, forests have fallen under the status of danger. However, there are still many large forests that only cover 5 countries but make up more than half of the tree cover on Earth. Take a look at the list of the world’s largest forests and find out more below.
List of the 10 largest forests in the world:
Take a look at the details of the forests that make up more than half of the Earth’s forests here.
It spans 2,300,000 square miles and happens to be the largest area of biodiversity on Earth. It can be seen spreading to Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela and the Republic of Suriname. There are up to 10 million species of flora and fauna in the Amazon. It is popularly said about the Amazon that if we search for it, a new species can be found in this forest every day.
The Congo :
This forest covers over 140,000 square miles of the Congo Basin in Africa. extends to Cameroon and the Central African Republic, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon. It is often called the second lung of the Earth after the Amazon. It is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
New Guinea Rainforest:
These are spread over half of New Guinea’s landmass and incorporate the vast mountains and landscapes present over the 303,500 square miles in the country. Forests, since they are present on an island, contain species that have no contact with other humans in the world.
Valdivian Temperate Rainforest:
It spans 95,800 square miles and the forest is home to 90% of endemic species. These species are only found in the Valdivian forests of South America. Forests are temperate in nature and experience the highest incidence of animal pollination than any temperate biome in the world.
Tongass National Forest:
These forests are located in Southeast Alaska and cover an area of 26,560 square miles. The Tongass National Forest is also the largest in the United States. It happens to be the largest temperate forest in North America. This means it owns a third of the ancient temperate rainforests on Earth. Forests are important because of the high levels of stored carbon and biomass they release.
Bosawas Biosphere Reserve:
It was designated by UNESCO in 1997. The Biosphere Park covers nearly 8,500 square miles. It is estimated that about 13% of the known species in the world live inside the reserve. It is made up of six different forests.
It is also home to 20 distinct communities of indigenous people.
It is located in Yunnan province, in the south of China. This tropical rainforest has been designated an official biosphere reserve since 1990. It covers 936 square kilometers and is home to many rare and endangered species.
It is one of the oldest forests in the world. This Daintree rainforest is found in Australia. It is said to be 180 million years old and has an area of 463 square miles. Half of Australia’s bat and butterfly species are found here.
Kinabalu National Park:
It is located on the island of Borneo. Kinabalu National Park is made up of 291 square miles of tropical rainforest. Its altitude varies from 500 feet to over 13,000 feet. It is home to a wide range of different habitats for a number of species, including 90 types of mammals, 326 types of birds and 1,000 species of orchids.
Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve:
It is one of the protected areas of Costa Rica and covers 40 square miles. It is a biosphere reserve. It is a rare type of cloud forest that occurs in a tropical mountainous environment. Here, atmospheric conditions allow almost constant cloud cover. It is also home to jaguars, pumas, species of monkeys and red-eyed tree frogs.
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