Hanoi (VNA) – Two Vietnamese sites were recognized as new biosphere reserves by UNESCO during the 33rd session of its International Coordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB-ICC) last week.
Nui Chua Biosphere Reserve in the south-central coastal province of Ninh Thuan and Kon Ha Nung Biosphere Reserve in the central highlands province of Gia Lai were added to the list of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, which now has 727 names. UNESCO Biosphere Reserves now cover more than 5 percent of the Earth’s landmass, in which biodiversity conservation, environmental education, research and sustainable development are combined.
The two new sites bring the number of World Biosphere Reserves in Vietnam to 11, the second highest in Southeast Asia, only after Indonesia with 19.
Vice Foreign Minister Dang Hoang Giang, chairman of the Vietnamese National Commission for UNESCO, said the recognition attests Vietnam’s efforts to protect biodiversity and ecosystems and respond to climate change, as well as its commitment to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
It also helps promote Vietnam’s nature, people and culture globally, he said, adding that it will bring people, Vietnamese and foreigners, closer to Ninh Thuan and Gia Lai and have a better understanding of Vietnam as a dynamic country that sets its sights on green and sustainable development.
Giang urged the two provinces to better preserve and promote the values of the Nui Chua and Kon Ha Nung biosphere reserves in the coming times, and called on them to integrate the preservation and promotion of the two reserves into their development plans. socio-economic to make conservation efforts sustainable.
The 33rd session of its International Coordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB-ICC) was held in Abuja, Nigeria, from September 13 to 17, during which a total of 20 new sites were been designated as world biosphere reserves.
The 106.6 ha Nui Chua Biosphere Reserve encompasses the terrestrial and marine areas of Ninh Thuan and is located at the end of the Truong Son mountain range where the climate is harsh with sunny, hot and arid weather and minimum precipitation, according to UNESCO. The biosphere reserve is a representative area in terms of biodiversity with a rich and diverse mosaic of ecosystems characteristic of the south-central region of Vietnam, including unique semi-arid vegetation, sea turtle nesting beaches and coral reefs. .
A total of 447,162 people live at the site, including the main ethnic groups of Kinh, Cham, Raglai, Hoa, Tay, Nung and Muong, all of whom have diverse cultures, artistic, religious and architectural traditions as well as numerous rituals and major festivals. .
The Kon Ha Nung Biosphere Reserve is home to rare species such as the gray-tailed douc (Pygathrix cinerea) – a rare primate species endemic to Vietnam and listed as critically endangered, with only around 1,000 individuals in it. ‘wild state.
The biosphere reserve is managed in accordance with the traditional knowledge of local communities, including indigenous and folk knowledge on production and social organization. The People’s Committee of Gia Lai Province formulates policies regarding the allocation of land and forests to households, payment for forest ecosystem services and the development of sustainable ecotourism./.