Biofera http://biofera.org/ Wed, 15 Sep 2021 11:51:58 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://biofera.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/biofera-icon-150x150.png Biofera http://biofera.org/ 32 32 Design around Grandma Cottonwood’s tree – The Durango Herald https://biofera.org/design-around-grandma-cottonwoods-tree-the-durango-herald/ https://biofera.org/design-around-grandma-cottonwoods-tree-the-durango-herald/#respond Wed, 15 Sep 2021 11:01:07 +0000 https://biofera.org/design-around-grandma-cottonwoods-tree-the-durango-herald/

Thank you for creating a path from 32nd Street to Oxbow. The expected benefits are good, encouraging cycling as a means of transport and inviting to engage in the river corridor. I also witness the incredible grief of our community after the loss of 33 elderberries and huge willow stands along the Animas River.

An elder, Grandma Cottonwood, still stands at the 32nd Street Bridge. It does not interfere; it invites a better way.

May we prioritize life, quality of life for all of our relationships. May we protect elderberries and wild ecosystems. May our designs reflect the depth of connection we have with our place identity. May we adapt to a grandmother wiser and older than any of us.

Old trees keep our earth cool, keep water in the biosphere, and trap water in the soil like a damp sponge. They sequester carbon dioxide, provide habitat for wildlife, shade, beauty, peace and friendship. A concrete path does not.

The bottom line is that Grandma Cottonwood’s life is precious and represents a path honoring the relationships with the roots that grow here before us. Let her tell our grandchildren how she was protected by the community of Durango.

The current design is the shortest distance between two points, a straight line. Actress Mae West once said, “The nicest distance between two points is a curved line.” Let’s take a look at our plan for Grandma Cottonwood, a vital member of our community who provides wisdom in shady riparian habitat.

Katrina blair

Durango

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‘Glenn Maxwell, we all know what he can do’: Parthiv Patel explains what makes the most of the RCB all-rounder | Locust https://biofera.org/glenn-maxwell-we-all-know-what-he-can-do-parthiv-patel-explains-what-makes-the-most-of-the-rcb-all-rounder-locust/ https://biofera.org/glenn-maxwell-we-all-know-what-he-can-do-parthiv-patel-explains-what-makes-the-most-of-the-rcb-all-rounder-locust/#respond Wed, 15 Sep 2021 10:47:49 +0000 https://biofera.org/glenn-maxwell-we-all-know-what-he-can-do-parthiv-patel-explains-what-makes-the-most-of-the-rcb-all-rounder-locust/

Former Royal Challengers Bangalore wicket keeper-Patel Parthiv Patel has felt current RCB all-rounder Glenn Maxwell is at his best when allowed to play freely.

Speaking on Star Sports’ Game Plan show, former Indian cricketer Parthiv said that there are players who like to thrive in a certain atmosphere and Maxwell is one of them. Adding further, he praised RCB management for letting Maxwell be himself.

READ ALSO | 7 limits, 10 six: AB de Villiers slams a crazy century in the RCB intra-team training match – WATCH

“I think there are certain players; they thrive in a certain atmosphere. I think sometimes you don’t put a lot of pressure on them; you just allow that player to be who he is, and sometimes it makes a big difference to the psyche of the player, ”Parthiv said on Star Sports’ Game Plan show.

“I think you’ll have to give RCB management a pat on the back here. Glenn Maxwell, we all know what he could do, but then allow him to be what he is and be that free. as possible. Then you will have to give credit to the RCB team leadership here for allowing him to play the way he wants. “

Australian all-rounder Maxwell believes playing in the Indian Premier League (IPL) ahead of the T20 World Cup will give Australian batsmen enough time to get used to the conditions in the United Arab Emirates.

Australia were drawn to a tough group in the Super 12 stage alongside reigning champions West Indies, world number one England and South Africa.

“The fact that we have a lot of guys getting ready for the IPL, getting a few games under these conditions is going to do wonders for our hitters. Our bowlers will be ready and shooting by the time the tournament starts. make sure everyone can’t wait to get started out there, ”Maxwell told icc-cricket.com.

“The tournament in the United Arab Emirates probably levels the playing field a bit. It probably makes it a little easier that there isn’t that much advantage at home. For the IPL to be there to have it. a lot of international players who are potentially going to be in that World Cup out there playing, I think that probably leveled the playing field a bit, “he added.

(With contributions from the agency)

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Seattle start-up pledges to offer 6,000 Bitcoin ($ 270 million) to El Salvador and other countries adopting Bitcoin as legal offering, launch of LITHO utility token https://biofera.org/seattle-start-up-pledges-to-offer-6000-bitcoin-270-million-to-el-salvador-and-other-countries-adopting-bitcoin-as-legal-offering-launch-of-litho-utility-token/ https://biofera.org/seattle-start-up-pledges-to-offer-6000-bitcoin-270-million-to-el-salvador-and-other-countries-adopting-bitcoin-as-legal-offering-launch-of-litho-utility-token/#respond Tue, 14 Sep 2021 15:55:04 +0000 https://biofera.org/seattle-start-up-pledges-to-offer-6000-bitcoin-270-million-to-el-salvador-and-other-countries-adopting-bitcoin-as-legal-offering-launch-of-litho-utility-token/

SEATTLE, September 14, 2021 / PRNewswire / – El Salvador is the first country in the world to adopt bitcoin as legal tender. Today, Joel Kasr, founder of KaJ Laboratories and Lithosphere, pledged to offer 6,000 BTC to El Salvador and nations like Panama who adopt bitcoin as legal tender.

The 10-year commitment will distribute the funds in different phases through the KaJ Labs Foundation. The Foundation has set aside five percent of $ LITHO’s total funding for social responsibility causes and this is the number one cause the foundation will support. While a handful of nations such as Ukraine, Cuba and Germany have approved legislation to govern digital assets, El Salvador is the first to accept bitcoin as legal tender.

that of El Salvador President Nayib bukele led the effort to allow cryptocurrency to be licensed as legal tender. It became law in June 2021 and marked a historic world first. It will boost investment in the country and help the 70 percent of residents who do not have access to traditional banking services. It also helps Salvadorians residing outside the country who send money to their home country, which accounts for 24 percent of that of El Salvador GDP.

The country bought 400 bitcoins worth around $ 21 million the day before cryptocurrency is adopted as legal tender. People who want to transact with cryptocurrency can sign up for the country wallet app called Chivo with a national ID.

$ LITHO was recently launched on Binance Smart Chain. The LITHO utility token is used as a gas on the Lithosphere blockchain similar to Ether on Ethereum and can be used for staking, network governance as well as other value transfer functions. $ LITHO is available for purchase via CrepeSwap and other decentralized BSC exchanges.

The Lithosphere blockchain will offer scalability and interoperability across multiple platforms supporting Byzantine Fault-Tolerant Consensus (BFT) for greater flexibility, greater accessibility, and faster transactions across multiple blockchain networks, while allowing other blockchains to retain full authority over themselves. Several methods of value transfer can be carried out under a single management structure. With Lithosphere’s deep neural networks in smart contracts, content creators will be able to generate visual art images and tokenize them as non-fungible tokens (NTFs). To improve the security of the Lithosphere network, individuals earn significant rewards by staking LITHO.

KaJ Laboratories recently announced a $ 500,000 $ LITHO Trading Contest on the PancakeSwap Decentralized Exchange ranging from September 1, 2021 at 7 UTC at September 28, 2021 To 16:00 UTC. Individuals have the opportunity to win a share of the grand prize when LITHO is officially listed on 5 CEX (centralized exchanges).

Lithosphere brings the future to life with its blockchain technology and unique approach to cryptocurrency. It is the first platform to implement Deep Learning in smart contracts via integrated deep neural networks. Among the innovative features of the platform is its inclusion and interoperability with all existing wallets, cryptocurrencies and blockchains.

The launch of Lithosphere and the promise of 6,000 bitcoins to El Salvador is an important part of the work of the KaJ Labs Foundation’s commitment to social responsibility cause. The organization also made a donation $ 5 million to Ripple’s legal defense fund against the SEC.

About the Lithosphere

Lithosphere is a next-generation platform for decentralized cross-chain applications powered by AI and Deep Learning.

On KaJ Laboratories

KaJ Laboratories is a decentralized research organization focused on artificial intelligence and blockchain technology. We are determined to create innovative products that work for the greatest good around the world.

Media inquiries
Juliette N.
Phone: 612-234-7321
Email: 318881@email4pr.com
KaJ Labs Foundation
4730 University Way NE 104- # 175
Seattle, WA 98105
Website: https://kajlabs.org
Website: https://lithosphere.network

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Complete list and photos of all watches pre-selected for the 2021 Grand Prix d’Horlogerie de Genève (GPHG) https://biofera.org/complete-list-and-photos-of-all-watches-pre-selected-for-the-2021-grand-prix-dhorlogerie-de-geneve-gphg/ https://biofera.org/complete-list-and-photos-of-all-watches-pre-selected-for-the-2021-grand-prix-dhorlogerie-de-geneve-gphg/#respond Sat, 11 Sep 2021 20:53:42 +0000 https://biofera.org/complete-list-and-photos-of-all-watches-pre-selected-for-the-2021-grand-prix-dhorlogerie-de-geneve-gphg/

The 2021 Grand Prix d’Horlogerie de Genève (GPHG) has just published the list of preselected (“nominated”) watches ahead of the highly anticipated red carpet in Geneva on November 4, 2021.

The 14 categories for 2021 are: Ladies, Ladies’ Complications, Men, Men’s Complications, Iconic, Tourbillon, Chronograph, Mechanical Exception, Calendar and Astronomy, Diving, Jewelry, Crafts, Petite Aiguille (watches with retail prices between 4000 and 10,000 Swiss francs) and Challenge (watches whose sale price is less than 4,000 Swiss francs).

The main prize of the evening is the Aiguille d’Or, the best watch in the general classification among all the participants, which will be voted in the room by a smaller jury chosen from among the now nearly 500 members of the Academy.

Enough of the preamble, let’s take a look at the watches that are contending for the awards so far.

GPHG 2021: Ladies

Ladies’ watches nominated for the GPHG 2021

The Ladies category contains “ladies’ watches” comprising only the following indications: hours, minutes, seconds, single date (day of the month), power reserve, classic moon phases and are potentially adorned with precious stones of maximum value. nine carats.

The preselected watches are: Armin Strom Lady Beat Manufacture Edition White, Bovet 1822 Miss Audrey Sweet Art, Chanel Mademoiselle J12 Acte II, Parmigiani Fleurier Tonda Sélène Rose Gold White Mop 33 mm, Piaget Limelight Gala Precious Rainbow and the Van Cleef & Arpels Alhambra watch secret pendant.

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: Female complication

Ladies’ complication watches nominated for the 2021 GPHG

Ladies Complication are “ladies’ watches” remarkable for their mechanical creativity and complexity. These watches can feature all kinds of classic and / or innovative complications and indications (e.g. annual calendar, perpetual calendar, equation of time, complex moon phases, tourbillon, digital or retrograde time display, world time, dual time zone, etc.) and do not meet the definition of the Ladies category.

The preselected watches are: Bovet 1822 Récital 23, Chopard LUC Flying T Twin Ladies, Louis Vuitton Tambour Spin Time Air Vivienne, KF Watches KF-09-01, Piaget Altiplano Tourbillon and the Van Cleef & Arpels Lady Féerie.

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: men

Men’s watches nominated for the GPHG 2021

“Men’s watches” have the following indications: hours, minutes, seconds, single date (day of the month), power reserve, classic moon phases and are potentially adorned with precious stones with a maximum value of five carats.

The preselected watches are: Grand Seiko Hi-Beat 36000 80 Hours Caliber 9SA5, H. Moser & Cie Swiss Alp Watch Final Upgrade, Hermès H08, Louis Erard La Semaine Louis Erard x Alain Silberstein, MB&F LM101 Stainless Steel, and the Piaget Polo Skeleton .

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: Male complication

Men’s complication watches nominated for the 2021 GPHG

This category includes “Complication Watches for Men” remarkable for their mechanical creativity and complexity. These watches may have all kinds of classic and / or innovative complications and indications (for example, world time, dual time zone and others) and do not meet the definition of the Men and Mechanical exception categories.

The preselected watches are: Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Selfwinding Flying Tourbillon Chronograph, Breitling Premier B15 Duograph 42, Bulgari Octo Roma Worldtimer, Chanel Monsieur Superleggera Edition, Chopard LUC Quattro Spirit 25 and the MB&F LMX Titanium.

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: emblematic

Iconic watches nominated for the GPHG 2021

The Iconic category brings together watches from an emblematic collection that has left a lasting mark on the history of watchmaking and the watch market for more than 20 years.

The preselected watches are: Audemars Piguet Royal Oak “Jumbo” Extra-Thin, Grand Seiko Re-creation of the first Grand Seiko, IWC Schaffhausen Big Pilot’s Watch 43, Tudor Black Bay Fifty-Eight 925, Vacheron Constantin American 1921, and Zenith Chronomaster Revival A386 Manufacture.

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: Tourbillon

Tourbillon watches nominated for the GPHG 2021

In the Tourbillon category, we find mechanical watches for men with at least one tourbillon. Additional indications and / or complications are admissible.

The preselected watches are: ArtyA Purity Tourbillon, Audemars Piguet Code 11.59 Self-winding flying tourbillon chronograph, De Bethune DB Kind of Two Tourbillon, Girard-Perregaux Tourbillon with three flying bridges – Aston Martin Edition, IWC Schaffhausen Big Pilot’s Watch Constant-Force Tourbillon Edition. IWC Racing ”, Louis Moinet Space Revolution.

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: Calendar and astronomy

Calendar and Astronomy watches nominated for the GPHG 2021

The Calendar and Astronomy category focuses on mechanical watches for men with at least one calendar and / or one astronomical complication (e.g. date, annual calendar, perpetual calendar, equation of time, complex moon phase display, etc. .). Additional indications and / or complications are admissible.

The preselected watches are: Arnold & Son Luna Magna, Breitling Premier B25 Datora 42, Bulgari Octo Finissimo Perpetual Calendar, Christiaan Van Der Klaauw CVDK Planetarium Eise Eisinga, IWC Schaffhausen Big Pilot’s Watch Perpetual Calendar Top Gun Edition “Mojave Desert” and the Konstantin Minotaure Chaykin.

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: Mechanical exception

Exceptional mechanical watches nominated for the GPHG 2021

The Mechanical Exception category includes watches equipped with a particular mechanism such as an innovative or sophisticated display, an automaton, a chime or any other acoustic function, a special escapement, a belt movement, or any other original watchmaking concept and / or exceptional.

The preselected watches are: Bernhard Lederer Central Impulse Chronometer, Christophe Claret Napoleon, Jacob & Co Opera Godfather Minute Repeater, Miki Eleta Svemir, Piaget Altiplano Ultimate Automatic and Ulysse Nardin UFO.

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: Chronograph

Chronograph watches nominated for the GPHG 2021

Timepieces classified in the Chronograph category are mechanical watches with at least one chronograph indication. Additional indications and / or complications are admissible.

The preselected watches are: Angelus U30 Black Tourbillon, Flyback and Split-Second Chronograph, Breitling Premier B09 Chronograph 40, IWC Schaffhausen Pilot’s Watch Chronograph Edition “Tribute to 3705”, Louis Erard Le Chrono Monopoussoir Louis Erard x Alain Silberstein, Tudor Black Bay Chrono , and the Zenith Chronomaster Sport

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: Diver

Diving watches nominated for the GPHG 2021

The Diver category contains watches related to the field of diving, whose functions, materials and design are adapted to this activity.

The preselected watches are: Doxa SUB 300 carbon COSC Aquamarine, Louis Vuitton Tambour Street Diver Skyline Blue, Archimèdes de Milus Orange Coral, Oris Aquis Date Caliber 400 41.5 mm, Reservoir Hydrosphere Bronze “The Greg Lecoeur Edition” and the Ulysse Nardin Diver X Skeleton.

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: Jewelry

Jewelry watches nominated for the GPHG 2021

The Jewelry category brings together watches demonstrating an exceptional mastery of the art of jewelry and gem-setting. The watches are also distinguished by the choice of stones.

The preselected watches are: Bulgari Serpenti Barocko, Chanel Mademoiselle Privé Bouton Décor Byzantine, Chopard Flower Power, Hermès Kelly Joaillerie, Piaget Exquisite Moments and the Van Cleef & Arpels Ludo secret watch.

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: Crafts

Artistic Crafts watches nominated for the GPHG 2021

Watches in the Crafts category demonstrate exceptional mastery of one or more artistic techniques such as enamelling, lacquering, engraving, guilloche (filming), skeletonization, and more.

The preselected watches are: Andersen Genève Jumping Hours 40th Anniversary in platinum, Bulgari Diva’s Dream Peacock Collection, Hermès Arceau Toucan de Paradis, Louis Vuitton Tambour Carpe Diem, MB&F LM SE Eddy Jaquet Around the World in Eighty Days and the Voutilainen Duluth bridge.

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: Small Needle

Petite Aiguille watches nominated for the 2021 GPHG

Watches registered in the Petite Aiguille category have a retail price of between CHF 3,500 and CHF 10,000. Connected watches are eligible in this category.

The preselected watches are: Breitling Top Time Deus Limited Edition, Garrick S4, Louis Erard Le Régulator Louis Erard x Vianney Halter, Seiko Re-creation of King Seiko KSK, Trilobe Nuit Fantastique in Grained Black and Tudor Black Bay Ceramic.

Further reading:

GPHG 2021: Challenge

Challenge watches nominated for the GPHG 2021

Watches registered in the Challenge category have a public price less than or equal to CHF 3,500. Connected watches are eligible in this category.

The preselected watches are: anOrdain Model 1 in smoky gray by Payne, CIGA Design Blue Planet, Doxa SUB 200 C-GRAPH Caribbean, Furlan Marri MR. Gray reference 1041-A, Massena Lab Uni-Racer and Oris Divers Sixty-Five Cotton Candy.

Further reading:

Let us know your favorites in the comments below and look for our upcoming prediction roundtables!

For more information, please visit www.gphg.org/horlogerie/en/gphg-2021/nomined-watches.

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March? This is old news. Welcome to the decade of Venus https://biofera.org/march-this-is-old-news-welcome-to-the-decade-of-venus/ https://biofera.org/march-this-is-old-news-welcome-to-the-decade-of-venus/#respond Sat, 11 Sep 2021 16:00:00 +0000 https://biofera.org/march-this-is-old-news-welcome-to-the-decade-of-venus/

When it comes to exploring the solar system, the last few decades have undeniably been focused on visiting Mars. From sending rovers to its surface to making plans for possible crewed missions, the Red Planet holds an important place in our understanding of planetary science. But what about our other planetary neighbor? Where is the love for Venus?

After decades of oblivion, three missions will soon be heading to Venus: DAVINCI + and VERITAS from NASA, and EnVision from the European Space Agency. These three missions were recently approved and aim to launch in the late 2020s or early 2030s.

This is long overdue, because although sometimes spaceships pass Venus on their way elsewhere, the last time NASA sent a mission specifically to Venus was the Magellan Orbiter launched in 1989. In the three decades that followed, the largest agency space on Earth did not visit the next planet.

To find out why and to find out what we might learn from the three new missions there, we spoke to two Venus experts: Jenny Whitten, a member of the science team for NASA’s upcoming VERITAS mission, and Jean-Luc. Margot, planetologist. who recently conducted a study on the fundamental properties of Venus.

Venus is a mystery

The first thing to understand about Venus is how little we know of the place and how many open questions remain. We do not have a timeline of the geological history of the planet, and there is no consensus on what the first Venus looked like. Compared to other places like Mars or the Moon, we don’t have a big picture of what the planet looked like over time and how it developed to state in which it is found today.

“About a billion years ago, we don’t know what was going on. There is no geological record, ”said Whitten.

We also don’t know what the planet looks like inside, which leaves many issues unresolved. “We don’t know the size of Venus’ core,” Margot said. “We don’t know if the nucleus is liquid or solid – we suspect it is liquid but we are not sure. And this drives the entire thermal evolution of the planet ”in terms of magnetic field and spin. So, “it’s really important to have a good estimate of your core size.”

Venus – 3D perspective view of Maat Mons. NASA / JPL

We know that Venus is covered with thousands of volcanoes – more than any other planet in our solar system – but we don’t know if they are active or not. “Volcanism is very important because on Venus this is how we release heat and release volatile substances from within, like water and gases that can be important for life,” Whitten explained. “So what we’re really trying to figure out with volcanic history is the habitability of Venus.”

And when it comes to the surface of the planet, there are twisted and warped regions that we’re always trying to grab hold of. “There are these strange terrains on Venus called tesserae that may be analogues of the continents of Earth, but we don’t know how they formed,” Margot said. “It is an important part of the geological history of Venus.”

A strange beast

Photo of Venus.
NASA / JPL

The second thing to understand about Venus is that it is a strange place. Its thick atmosphere is dotted with clouds of sulfuric acid, and it traps heat so effectively that it is warmer on the surface than on Mercury, although it is further from the sun. More strangely, the atmosphere turns 60 times faster than the planet below. In fact, it spins so fast that it can even affect the length of a day.

And in terms of dramatic geological events, Venus has one possibility that really takes the cake: Its surface can completely melt and reform every few hundred million years, in events called resurfacing. The theory is that the planet generates so much heat that it eventually erupts across the surface via erupting volcanoes all over the planet, melting impact craters and smoothing everything on the surface.

In an image of Magellan nicknamed the "Crater farm" we see the curious stratification of volcanic activity and impact craters.
In a Magellanic image dubbed the “Crater Farm,” we see the curious stratification of volcanic activity and impact craters. NASA / JPL

“Venus may have had a major resurfacing of the entire planet 700 million years ago,” Margot explained. “It may have had several complete resurfacing in its history, and we don’t understand how it works… It’s an episodic and catastrophic melting of the surface, which is a really fascinating process.

Earth’s evil twin

    Artist's impression of a warm and thick atmosphere rich in CO2 (left) and of today's Earth.
Tobias Stierli / NCCR PlanetS

One of the reasons researchers are so interested in Venus is that it is, on a large scale, very similar to Earth. It is comparable in size, mass and density. Venus may have already had oceans on its surface and might even have been habitable at some point in its past. It is also a rocky planet, and formed at a similar location in the solar system. This means that we can assume that the two planets are made of roughly similar material.

But today the two planets are very different. Venus’s atmosphere is overwhelmingly dense at 100 times the pressure of Earth on its surface. At 900 degrees Fahrenheit, the surface temperature is high enough to melt lead, and the planet has lost all the water it has ever had, leaving a dry and inhospitable envelope.

“There are a lot of similarities between Earth and Venus,” Whitten said. “But they evolved very differently. So we are trying to understand why.

The researchers believe that the divergence between Earth and Venus may have occurred because the higher temperatures on Venus caused more water to evaporate into the atmosphere, where it was struck by light from the sun and divided into hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen escaped into space, never to return, leaving the planet dry.

But that’s a guess, and we don’t know when it happened, because there is so much we don’t know about the history of Venus and how it is different from Earth. “If we are trying to understand our own planet and how the terrestrial planets evolve, Venus is really crucial,” said Margot. “And there [are] huge gaps in our knowledge and understanding.

Learning more about the differences between Earth and Venus is also important for the study of exoplanets. When we see distant planets the size of Earth, do they look more like Earth or Venus? We need to understand the evolution of planets in our own solar system to better understand what planets in other systems might look like.

An overlooked gem

Considering all the important questions about Venus that we have yet to answer, and given that this is our neighboring planet next door, you might be wondering why Venus has not been further explored. How come Mars gets all the attention?

It could be that Venus still holds clues to the possibility that life existed there at some point in her past. “And one of the biggest questions in science is about life and habitability.”

First, Venus is just very difficult to visit. To try to send a probe to its surface, you have to face extreme conditions hostile to electronics, as well as to humans. The pressure at the surface is equivalent to the pressure 900 meters underwater, “so your spaceship looks like a submarine because that’s the only way it can survive these overwhelming pressures and temperatures,” he said. said Margot. “Nothing has survived the surface of Venus for more than two hours.”

There is also our bias in terms of finding planets that appear to be able to host life as we understand it. When you look at Mars, it’s an alien place, but you can imagine people living there, albeit with carefully constructed spacesuits and habitats. Venus doesn’t look so attractive.

“For a long time, we thought Venus was inhospitable – which she is now,” said Margot. “But we didn’t realize it could have been hospitable early in the history of the solar system.”

It could be that Venus still holds clues to the possibility that life existed there at some point in her past. “And one of the biggest questions in science is about life and habitability,” Margot added.

And there might be some degree of world politics involved. “During the space race, the Soviet Union really focused its efforts on Venus, so they established a Venus program for a long time,” Whitten said. The United States, on the other hand, has focused more on Mars. Although today international cooperation in space exploration is much greater, there is arguably still a legacy of the Cold War that directs NASA to Mars and away from Venus.

But now, finally, with the three recently approved missions to Venus, we will return to this fascinating place to find out more.

“It was disheartening to a lot of planetary scientists that Venus had been overlooked for so long,” said Margot. “But now it’s really exciting that we’re finally going back.”

Three new missions

The three new Venusian explorers will be two missions from NASA, DAVINCI + and VERITAS, and one mission from the European Space Agency, EnVision. Unless you imagined there was some animosity between the rival missions of Venus, the two researchers we spoke to expressed their joy and excitement about having multiple missions to collect data. on this planet.

The three missions will be complementary: DAVINCI + will examine the atmosphere of Venus, VERITAS will examine Venus at the global level, and EnVision will image about a quarter of the surface in a much more focused way. The instruments will also be different, as EnVision has both radar imagery and a sonar to look below the surface.

“VERITAS is going to look at the deep subsoil, looking at the lithosphere,” explained Whitten. “But with EnVision, they will be able to observe the very close subsoil to understand what its structure might be.”

With the three missions combined, we should be able to learn about Venus from top to bottom, from the thick atmosphere to its deep core. Eventually, we might learn as much about this planet as we do about its best-explored sister, Mars.

“There are different goals for each of these [missions]”Said Whitten.” But overall all three of us are telling us that Venus is a key to understanding what is happening on Earth. It’s very exciting, the prospect of having a Venus program similar to a program March. “

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Rookies Expect Electric Atmosphere for Hogs-Horns https://biofera.org/rookies-expect-electric-atmosphere-for-hogs-horns/ https://biofera.org/rookies-expect-electric-atmosphere-for-hogs-horns/#respond Sat, 11 Sep 2021 07:02:09 +0000 https://biofera.org/rookies-expect-electric-atmosphere-for-hogs-horns/

While not normally known for his bold or hot takes, I have one for this weekend nonetheless.

Saturday’s Arkansas-Texas game could be the biggest factor in recruiting Razorback for a long time.

Make no mistake, just because Texas is the opponent. It could be Alabama, Auburn, Georgia, LSU or Oklahoma.

But the fans are back to college football games and the passion, spirit and pageantry are back after a year of watching from the living room.

The fact that a full Reynolds Razorback stadium, which is expected to have as lively a crowd in Fayetteville as there may be since the 1999 Arkansas-Tennessee game, will be broadcast nationally to future rookies must be a blessing for all sports programs.

Not to mention that all sports on campus, not just football, take advantage of the weekend to recruit top recruits.

It is certainly important that the Razorback football program takes advantage of this.

Clearly, winning the game is and always will be the single most important factor in reviving the program that second-year head coach Sam Pittman and his team are trying to put together in Fayetteville.

But having had the Paul Finebaum TV show live Friday, the Marty and McGee show and the SEC Game Day team from Laura Rutledge, Tim Tebow, Roman Harper, Jordan Rogers and Finebaum early on Saturday and the game sent to the nationwide later could move the needle anyway.

“It’s exciting and that’s what college football is all about,” Arkansas head coach Sam Pittman said Wednesday. “… It’s standing room only Saturday night and we haven’t had that here for a long time.” I think our children understand that. I really do. “

Current Razorback linebacker Hayden Henry acknowledged the different feeling he expects for the game.

“I expect an advantage on the pitch,” said Henry. “It would be something that I haven’t known for a while. I would like to have a serious advantage on the pitch and have loud fans who want to help us and be extremely loud.

“When you’re out there on the third try and there are 75,000 people screaming, it’s really hard for an attack to convert and play.”

Arkansas has 17 entries in its 2022 class, one of which is ranked 21st nationally by 247 sports composite rankings, which also include opinions from ESPN and Rivals.

It’s ranked seventh among 14 SEC teams, with Arkansas hoping to add defensive back Anthony Brown (6-2, 190) of Milan, Tenn., An unofficial visitor this weekend, when he announces the September 14.

The Razorbacks expect to welcome between 40 and 50 visitors, including a pair of official visitors from the Arkansas-promised duo of Ellensworth (Ga.) Cedar Grove, fullback Rashod Dubinion (5-11, 190) and offensive lineman Duncan (SC) Byrnes. Eli Henderson (6-5, 300).

I texted in with several Arkansas commits this week to get a feel for their level of enthusiasm for the game.

• James Jointer of Little Rock Parkview (6-1, 210): “I think the atmosphere will be electric and I wouldn’t be surprised if I had one of our goals to commit this weekend while I’m there- low.

• Fayetteville linebacker Mani Powell (6-3, 230): “I have a feeling that it will be like no other varsity game and that the energy will be high and excellent.

• Shiloh Christian linebacker Kaden Henley (6-2, 227): “I will be there and I was there last week against Rice and I thought the atmosphere was electric. So I can’t imagine what it will look like this week.

• Greenland defensive end JJ Hollingsworth (6-4, 250): “I’ve been waiting for this game all summer. I know the fans are going to rock the stadium, and I’m ready to be right next to them to cheer on these guys.

• Clarendon tight end Dax Courtney (6-6, 212): “I would expect almost 100,000 people to stand up to call the Hogs and I don’t think anyone can describe how they would feel on this subject.

• Duncan (SC) Byrnes offensive lineman Eli Henderson (6-5, 300): “It’s going to be electric, after all this time I can finally see Fayetteville rocking… I’m more than excited.

• Joe T. Robinson, offensive lineman E’Marion Harris (6-7, 370): “I feel like this is going to be crazy.

• Maumelle offensive lineman Andrew Chamblee (6-6, 290): “It should be fun to watch.

• Maumelle defensive lineman Nico Davillier (6-5, 275): “I know this will be one of the best things I’ve experienced, so I expect a good atmosphere.

• Memphis Christian Brothers offensive lineman Patrick Kutas (6-5, 290): “I think it’s going to be packed and he’ll go crazy with excitement.

• Cambidge, Wis., Deep snapper Eli Stein (6-3, 215): “I’ll be at the game on Saturday. I am waiting and I hope it will be crazy. From what I’ve seen so far, Arkansas fans are the real deal, so I expect a lot of fun.

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Monarch butterfly tagged in Kentucky research project discovered 1,600 miles away in Mexico https://biofera.org/monarch-butterfly-tagged-in-kentucky-research-project-discovered-1600-miles-away-in-mexico/ https://biofera.org/monarch-butterfly-tagged-in-kentucky-research-project-discovered-1600-miles-away-in-mexico/#respond Sat, 11 Sep 2021 04:22:47 +0000 https://biofera.org/monarch-butterfly-tagged-in-kentucky-research-project-discovered-1600-miles-away-in-mexico/

A monarch butterfly tagged in Kentucky as part of a research project last October was found 1,600 miles and months later in Mexico.

Kentucky Wild member and citizen-scientist Tri Roberts, of Versailles, originally captured and tagged the female monarch butterfly at the Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site in Perryville.

The Kentucky Department of Fisheries and Wildlife tags monarch butterflies each fall from late August through early October. Kentucky Wild hosts an annual tagging event to help capture, tag, and collect data on migrating monarchs.

Kentucky Wild member and citizen scientist Tri Roberts initially captured and tagged the female monarch butterfly at the Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site in Perryville. (Photo by KDFWR)

Kentucky Wild is a conservation community that offers its members the opportunity to go out into the field and work alongside researchers supporting vulnerable wildlife that face threats in the state.

Roberts has participated in several monarch experiences and workshops, including the most recent tagging day on October 2 at the Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site.

“I first heard of the Kentucky Wild when I renewed my fishing license several years ago,” said Roberts. “I also read an article on the Kentucky Wild in an edition of Kentucky Afield magazine. I was intrigued by the Kentucky Wild Mission and chose to become a member, and I’m so glad I did.

Kentucky State Park naturalist Robert Myers noted that the Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site is home to more than 750 acres of restored pollinator-friendly habitat. The Pollinator Habitat Project is a collaboration between the Kentucky Department of Parks, Kentucky Fish and Wildlife, Office of Kentucky Nature Preserves and Kentucky Heritage Land Conservation Fund, Friends of Perryville Battlefield, Natural Resources Conservation Service-USDA and the American Battlefield Trust.

After migrating south from Perryville, the monarch was recovered the following winter thanks to Monarch Watch’s tagging program. He had traveled over 1,600 miles to the El Rosario Butterfly Reserve in Michoacán, Mexico. El Rosario is the largest and most visited sanctuary in the 217 square mile Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve, a World Heritage Site designated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO ).

Millions of monarch butterflies from eastern North America migrate to central Mexico each fall to spend the winter, clustered in high-altitude fir forests. During this great migration, markers from across the range of the monarch capture and mark butterflies. Each tag consists of a small sticker displaying a unique code, which identifies the tagged monarch and where it traveled from in the event of recovery.

“This is a very rare and exciting event,” said Michaela Rogers, environmental specialist at Kentucky Fish and Wildlife. “With the help of our partners, we have tagged over 600 monarch butterflies in recent years. This is our first cover.

This recovery marks a contribution to nearly 20 years of tagging data collected and managed by Monarch Watch, a nonprofit education, conservation, and research program based at the University of Kansas. Tagging data helps scientists better understand the timing and rate of migration, the origin and routes of itinerant monarchs, changes in the distribution of monarchs in North America, and localities that may be critical in sustaining the migration.

The number of monarch butterflies has fallen in recent years, reflecting the decline of other important pollinator species. The loss of suitable habitat is likely a key factor in these declines. Kentucky Fish and Wildlife and other conservation agencies have responded with increased efforts in education, research and habitat improvement for pollinators. The Kentucky Monarch Conservation Plan is a roadmap to help this species recover through contributions from the State of Bluegrass.

Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife

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Committee to reset the boundaries of the Dana Biosphere Reserve formed | Jordan News https://biofera.org/committee-to-reset-the-boundaries-of-the-dana-biosphere-reserve-formed-jordan-news/ https://biofera.org/committee-to-reset-the-boundaries-of-the-dana-biosphere-reserve-formed-jordan-news/#respond Wed, 08 Sep 2021 09:27:51 +0000 https://biofera.org/committee-to-reset-the-boundaries-of-the-dana-biosphere-reserve-formed-jordan-news/

Ammon news – Environment Minister Nabil Masarweh on Wednesday agreed to form a technical committee to redraw the boundaries of the Dana Biosphere Reserve in order to mine copper ore in the southern region of Jordan.

Speaking to the Jordanian News Agency (Petra), Masarweh said the committee, pursuant to a Cabinet decision, was tasked with studying the coordinates of the reserve’s temporary boundaries, as claimed by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, as reported by Petra.

“It will also update the environmental regulations for mining operations and exploration in the targeted areas, and will seek alternative lands to annex to the reserve in order to safeguard its biodiversity,” he added.

The committee is made up of representatives from the Ministries of Energy, Agriculture and Tourism, the Department of Lands and Surveying, the Royal Scientific Society, the Local Council of Tafila Governorate, the Royal Society for conservation, the Union of Geologists, the University of Jordan and the Natural Resources Authority, according to Petra.

Meanwhile, the International Union for Conservation of Nature attends as an observer, and the director of the ministry’s nature conservation directorate as rapporteur.

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Weibo in China Suspends BTS, K-POP, Fan Accounts for “Seriously Polluting Social Atmosphere” https://biofera.org/weibo-in-china-suspends-bts-k-pop-fan-accounts-for-seriously-polluting-social-atmosphere/ https://biofera.org/weibo-in-china-suspends-bts-k-pop-fan-accounts-for-seriously-polluting-social-atmosphere/#respond Wed, 08 Sep 2021 07:29:00 +0000 https://biofera.org/weibo-in-china-suspends-bts-k-pop-fan-accounts-for-seriously-polluting-social-atmosphere/

China’s heavily regulated social media platform like Twitter, Weibo, suspended 22 K-pop fan accounts on Tuesday, nearly two dozen fan accounts for BTS, Blackpink and other major groups. K-pop to curb fan frenzy and teen pop culture. In an attempt to counter what it described as an “irrational starhunt,” China shut down numerous K-POP fan pages for 60 days, alleging illegal fundraising. Numerous fan accounts of popular South Korean K-pop group BTS, which is known to be followed by US Vice President Kamala Harris, have also been suspended. The Chinese government has alleged that the group actually customized a plane for BTS member Jimin for his 26th birthday in October, the Associated Press reported.

“Weibo strongly opposes such irrational star-hunting behavior and will deal with it seriously,” the Chinese social media platform’s statement read Tuesday, as the platform removed numerous accounts from K-pop celebrity social media.

Don’t portray “values”

The recent crackdown on the entertainment industry is part of new measures adopted by the Chinese government against artists that “seriously pollute the social atmosphere”. Earlier, in publishing guidelines obtained by state media, two Chinese government agencies called BTS celebrities “men of vulgar or feminine appearance” who should not be allowed to air on national television because they do not represent “the values” of the Chinese nation or the cultural norms the state wishes to promote. The Chinese Communist Party has said it wants Chinese broadcasters to make sure male actors are more manly because they have a “Influence on the country’s youth.” A notice issued by the PRC also condemned television programs exhibiting “effeminate” behavior and other “distorted” content which should be banned.

The crackdown in China began after photos began circulating on the Weibo social media platform that showed a custom Jeju Air jet allegedly funded on Weibo by the fan account of South Korean group member BTS Park. Ji-min known primarily as Jimin. The singer called the declaration jet “undying love” from fans as it was a crowd-funded birthday present for her 26th birthday.

Minutes after sharing the photos, Chinese company Weibo announced it was suspending accounts linked to BTS, three linked to Blackpink, three to EXO and five linked to boy group NCT, as the platform “opposes firmly to such irrational star-hunting behavior and will deal with it seriously. Weibo added that it will step up measures to “cleanse” the atmosphere online and uproot the culture of K-POP fans. “We call it all. the world to be civilized, to follow the stars rationally… and to create a harmonious and healthy online environment, ”Jimin’s fan account posted before being banned.

(IMAGE: AP / Shutterstock / Instagram / allthekpopofficial)

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Us and our house | Cyprus Mail https://biofera.org/us-and-our-house-cyprus-mail/ https://biofera.org/us-and-our-house-cyprus-mail/#respond Wed, 08 Sep 2021 06:00:56 +0000 https://biofera.org/us-and-our-house-cyprus-mail/
Earth is the only planet we know where we can live

By Roberto Sciffo

The blue planet, planet Earth, is unique to our solar system and, given our current state of technological advancement, it is the only planet we know of where we can live.

The “big picture effect” is often expressed by those who have been in space, which is described as an awe-inspiring and transcendent experience that stays with the astronaut for many months, if not his entire life (for that I was studying engineering, one of my professors had the opportunity to go to space and came back a changed man). This experience of seeing the blue planet from space had profoundly transformed them. Their views on borders, politics, land ownership and locality have been challenged by the realization that the planet really exists as a closed biosphere bounded by the upper atmosphere, geology, ocean depths and a thin layer. of rock and soil that supports most of life. on the planet.

The evolution of this biosphere is about 3.5 billion years old, and over the past 800 million years we have experienced eight ice ages and five mass extinction events, however, in the past 11,700. about years, the climate has stabilized at a rare level. and comfortable interglacial period scientifically known as the Holocene epoch (from the Greek words ὅλος (holos, whole or whole) and καινός (kainos, new), meaning “entirely recent”. a decade, at +/- 1C over a period 11,000 years old, which means stable sea level and predictable weather conditions.

As the glaciers retreated to two permanent ice caps (which are essential for regulating global temperature), this opened up larger landscapes for human evolution, which, combined with the relatively higher atmospheric concentration of carbon, allowed all species to thrive, and changed our habits from hunter-gatherers to permanent settlers, who developed agriculture, domesticated animals, and led to the rise of civilizations (Greeks, Romans, Mayans, etc.).

This has evolved into a never-before-seen human population growth on the planet, which has changed the functionality of the planet, especially over the past 300 years. It took 2 million years for the world’s human population to reach 1 billion, and since then only 200 years to reach 7.8 billion.

Somewhere along this line we also moved from the Holocene era to the Anthropocene era (some argue it was around the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, others believe it was around the Second World War as mining and the use of chemicals began). Today, most scientists agree that human activity is now the engine of Earth’s systems and cycles; for example, 75% of the Earth’s land surface has been significantly altered by human actions, 50% of the world’s habitable land is used for cattle ranching, more than 50% of the oceans are actively fished, more material coming from the lithosphere (earth’s material) is displaced more than ever (far beyond the earth’s natural geological cycle), and about 50 years ago we pushed the average global temperature by 1C outside the average ” normal ”since the dawn of civilization.

But can we identify the systems that control the planet? Can we identify a quantitative point from which we risk triggering unpredictable changes? Are there tipping points that would engage the planet in a new state of irreversible change?

The Stockholm Resilience Center (a joint initiative of Stockholm University and the Beijer Institute for Ecological Economics at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences) has been working with scientists around the world for decades to answer these same questions .

To date, they have established that there are nine planetary boundaries that we need to be aware of and control in order for humanity to continue living in harmony with the planet. These limits are neither concrete nor exclusive (they all influence each other), but carry a range of uncertainties from a low risk of uncertainty to a high risk of uncertainty.

Source: J. Lokrantz / Azote after Steffen et al. 2015.

(https://www.stockholmresilience.org/research/planetary-boundaries.html)

A summary of these limits:

Climate change: At the start of the Holocene, the atmospheric CO2 concentration was +260 ppm. The low risk was set at 350 ppm, a value that was measured during the period when the global temperature fluctuation was stable, with an uncertainty range between 400 ppm (low risk) and 450 ppm (high risk; with the effect of an overall temperature increase of 1.5 ° C). ). Today we are currently at around 415 ppm, reflecting a 1.1 ° C increase in average global temperature. Beyond 450 ppm, we risk pushing tipping points that would lead to irreversible changes without the possibility of a return to “normal”.

Change in land tenure (biomes): Modern agriculture is the main driver of land use change. It currently uses about 50% of the planet’s habitable land. For example, in Brazil alone, we have already lost about 20 percent of the Amazon rainforest (7 million km2), a loss about 750 times the total area of ​​the island of Cyprus.

Integrity of the biosphere: this focuses on two aspects; the role of genetically unique material; and the role of the biosphere in the functioning of the earth system. The world has seen an average decline of 68% in populations of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians since 1970; it is already the sign of a 6e mass extinction event.

Use of fresh water: although still not critical in use, distribution and access are imbalanced, and with a rapidly growing population, this can quickly change. 25% of all rivers no longer reach the ocean, which is another unsustainable impact.

Biogeochemical flows: currently the main influencers are Nitrogen (from industry and agriculture) and Phosphorus (almost entirely from fertilizers); other elements must be added.

Ocean acidification: Atmospheric CO2 increased hydrogen ions in the sea by 30%, ultimately reducing the ability of many marine species to form calcium carbonate, the building blocks of the skeletons and shells of many marine organisms.

Stratospheric ozone depletion: stable for about 15 years and is expected to improve due to the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances; an example where humanity has taken effective steps to bring the process back within the border.

Aerosol charge in the atmosphereParticulate air pollution is responsible for about 7 million deaths per year, and diffuses light, cooling the planet, which has a masking effect, reducing the actual state of global warming by about 40 percent. The border has still not been quantified.

New entities: nuclear waste, microplastics, heavy metals, etc… still not quantified and the impact is still unknown.

A recent documentary titled “Breaking Boundaries: The Science of Our Planet” (reported by Sir David Attenborough) presents these boundaries in a wonderful way.

Breakboundaries portrait 16x9 ext.

According to the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), we only have about a decade to go from “business as usual” and change things towards a “sustainable economy”. If we don’t, we will face drastic changes, such as potentially, by 2035, the inability to grow food during the summer in Europe, Asia and North America, for example.

All this science leads us to ask the question; is it possible for us to live on the planet, expanding to 9-10 billion people, and still live within these limits?

In fact, we should rephrase this… in order for us to live on a lovely planet to live on, we MUST find a way to live within these limits and in harmony with nature. It is not a matter.

To some it may seem uncomfortable, but it is actually an exciting time. What will be the next industrial revolution, and will it be based on principle rather than profit? What could education look like? What should business schools teach and what will be the new forms of work? How can governments change their funding / grant priorities and laws? In my next post, we’ll define what sustainability is and how we can work with it to ensure that we are moving towards a more positive impact on our blue planet.

Roberto Sciffo is the CTO of ISA Energy, an innovative project development company focused on sustainability and cross-sector decarbonization. Roberto has varied experience in engineering and biological medicine, environmental systems, integrated economies and systems thinking.

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