Lithosphere

Aging satellite reveals Earth’s inner structure

The European Space Agency’s GOCE mission ended more than seven years ago, but scientists are still discovering substantial discoveries from gravity data from the retired satellite – allowing us to dive deep into the interior of the Earth and learn what makes him tick. Scientists have combined GOCE data with …

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A revolution is underway in Earth system science

Photo: USGS. Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the earth sciences were primarily used as a tool for exploiting natural resources. Towards the end of this period, industrial production increased 13-fold and energy consumption 16-fold, with a concomitant increase in water consumption by a factor of 7. The resulting industrial …

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