Atmosphere – Biofera http://biofera.org/ Tue, 21 Jun 2022 23:14:53 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://biofera.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/biofera-icon-150x150.png Atmosphere – Biofera http://biofera.org/ 32 32 New report sheds light on current backstage atmosphere in WWE https://biofera.org/new-report-sheds-light-on-current-backstage-atmosphere-in-wwe/ Tue, 21 Jun 2022 21:55:38 +0000 https://biofera.org/new-report-sheds-light-on-current-backstage-atmosphere-in-wwe/

It’s been six days since news broke that Vince McMahon is being investigated by the WWE Board of Directors regarding a $3 million settlement awarded to a former WWE employee, with whom he allegedly had an affair. Many wrestling fans and personalities reacted with their thoughts, but what was the internal reaction?

According to PWInsider’s Mike Johnson, there’s “a lot of silence among employees” as they’re all waiting to see how much worse things can get and if it’s something that could harm the company as a whole. Johnson’s report also notes that employees are currently keeping their “heads down” in an attempt not to get caught up in the mess, with many biting their tongues at the moment given that they don’t know which executives will end up with them. potentially more power once the dust settles.

In the meantime, while the investigation is ongoing, McMahon’s daughter, Stephanie, is taking over as president and CEO, after McMahon temporarily stepped down on Friday. Johnson’s report says there’s “a lot of sympathy” for the brand manager at the moment, as she recently took time off from the company last month. Stephanie is also said to remain strong despite the public disrespect of her mother and McMahon’s wife, Linda, through the entire saga, and especially with the discovery of multiple nondisclosure agreements beyond the main case. allegedly under investigation.

Despite the turbulent times backstage, Vince McMahon hasn’t been shy about getting noticed and has appeared on both ‘SmackDown’ and ‘Raw’ in recent days, making very brief appearances unrelated to the ongoing investigation. . It is reported that there was “a lot of head shaking” behind the curtain, which some saw as an act of denial towards anyone who questions McMahon and his actions, with some wondering if this is the beginning of the end for him. the sports entertainment giant. Additionally, Johnson said there have been discussions internally about how to institute new checks and balances within the company, but there are concerns about the difficulty of enforcing them.

In addition to McMahon, former WWE Talent Relations Manager John Laurinaitis, who was also named in the damning allegations originally published by The Wall Street Journal, is taking a leave of absence with Bruce Prichard temporarily taking his place. And if things didn’t already look grim for the organization, there are now also five separate law firms investigating WWE on behalf of investors.

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Festive atmosphere before the 25th anniv. of returning from Hong Kong to the homeland https://biofera.org/festive-atmosphere-before-the-25th-anniv-of-returning-from-hong-kong-to-the-homeland/ Mon, 20 Jun 2022 05:21:00 +0000 https://biofera.org/festive-atmosphere-before-the-25th-anniv-of-returning-from-hong-kong-to-the-homeland/

Lanterns hang over a corridor in Hong Kong, south China, June 19, 2022. This year marks the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to the motherland. Photo: Xinhua


A tram covered in festive decorations is seen in Hong Kong, south China, June 19, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

A tram covered in festive decorations is seen in Hong Kong, south China, June 19, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

National flags of China and flags of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) hang above a street in Hong Kong, south China, June 19, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

National flags of China and flags of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) hang above a street in Hong Kong, south China, June 19, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

Celebration posters are seen on a street in Hong Kong, south China, June 19, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

Celebration posters are seen on a street in Hong Kong, south China, June 19, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

A celebratory decoration is lit up for the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong's return to the motherland in Hong Kong, south China, June 18, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

A celebratory decoration is lit up for the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to the motherland in Hong Kong, south China, June 18, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

A celebratory decoration is lit up for the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong's return to the motherland in Hong Kong, south China, June 18, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

A celebratory decoration is lit up for the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to the motherland in Hong Kong, south China, June 18, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

People walk past an illuminated celebration decoration for the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong's return to the motherland in Hong Kong, south China, June 18, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

People walk past an illuminated celebration decoration for the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to the motherland in Hong Kong, south China, June 18, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

A slogan celebrating the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong's return to the motherland is displayed on an electronic screen of a building in Hong Kong, south China, June 19, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

A slogan celebrating the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to the motherland is displayed on an electronic screen of a building in Hong Kong, south China, June 19, 2022. Photo: Xinhua

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Stellar Omada: New sponsors rave about Hearts values, club’s reason for success and ‘unique’ atmosphere https://biofera.org/stellar-omada-new-sponsors-rave-about-hearts-values-clubs-reason-for-success-and-unique-atmosphere/ Sat, 18 Jun 2022 11:46:27 +0000 https://biofera.org/stellar-omada-new-sponsors-rave-about-hearts-values-clubs-reason-for-success-and-unique-atmosphere/

Although MND Scotland will remain featured on home shirts for the 2022-23 campaign, continuing the tradition of Hearts having a philanthropic cause announced on the iconic maroon top, the black-polka dot white change shirt will carry the Edinburgh-IT company name based Stellar Omada.

The 2018 start-up was one of Capital’s major successes on the business scene over the past two years. They specialize in program delivery, project delivery and are responsible for much of the payments structure within the UK banking industry. They also create their own technology products and work with most traditional banks. They topped £10m in revenue in two years, making headlines in the Scottish business sector, and expect to top £100m by 2025.

But Wonga or Ukio Bankas is not. After the band, and thus their relationship with Stellar, was accidentally leaked on Friday morning by kit maker Umbro a few weeks earlier, the Tynecastle club were forced to quickly change plans and announced both the new kit and partnership later today. Hearts were just as excited about the reaction to the tape, which has been largely positive, as they were about the development of their relationship with Stellar. The two previously worked together at the Gorgie Innovation Center, where Stellar seeks to help children aged 14 to 17 learn the technology skills needed to confidently enter the workplace or graduate school.

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Stellar Omada’s logo will be displayed on the front of Hearts’ away shirt next season. Photo: Stuart Manley/Hearts FC

This was not a case of Hearts getting screwed over for the first company or corporation that came along and threw a duffel bag full of cash on the table. It was about working with people who share the same philosophy.

“I’ve spoken a lot to Ann Budge, Anne Park, Gary Locke, Andrew McKinlay and a few others about shared values. What Hearts and Stellar have most in common is that we share a lot of the same values,” CEO and Founder Colin Frame told the Evening News, “It’s mostly about giving back, whether it’s investing in the future of technology skills or the work they do in all the different communities , to work with charities it’s about giving back and sharing those same It’s about having the ability to then achieve the same outcome that we all want which is success let it be success on the football field, success with charities or success with the children who pass through the innovation center.

“Gary Locke called me. It all started in the Hearts v Dundee game in February this year. We sat down, had an honest conversation about how it would work for both companies because if it benefits both , it’s a no-brainer, we’ve agreed on a structure that works for all of us.

“It’s not the kind of big sponsorship we usually do. I sponsor a lot of grassroots and local things. But getting involved in Hearts was a huge opportunity for us to engage with people who weren’t not on the technology side.

Colin frame. CEO of Stellar Omada. Photo: Alistair Pryde

Frame didn’t grow up as a Hearts supporter, but his affinity for the club is already evident. In his conversation with this writer, the word ‘we’ was used several times as he joked about wanting some of the hottest European destinations next season and using his wealth to lure Mark Noble out of his retirement.

He certainly has great respect for the people working at the top level of the club. Ann Budge has been president of Hearts for eight years, growing from savior to owner and finally board member after the Foundation of Hearts took over. Although there have been some undeniable missteps along the way, Frame believes she has helped put in place a structure that will help the team excel on the pitch and put smiles on the fans’ faces beyond success. from last year.

“I spent a lot of time with different people at the club. What they do at Hearts and the structure around their foundation, I think, is the reason for their success,” he said. “I know in football you are really only judged on one thing and that is success on the pitch, but Hearts have put all the effort into the foundations to facilitate success on the pitch.

“It’s also due to some of the work they do at the community level, some of the work they do at Oriam, the work they do around data, which is my most exciting topic. Speaking to Joe Savage and the scouting team, it’s not just a coincidence, they were able to sign some of the players they have.

“You don’t see the inside of a football club until you’ve entered it. You just saw the product in the field, heard the news and read about it a few times. When you walk into the club, you really understand what’s going on, like the real changes Ann has made during her time at the club. Fan ownership is extremely powerful. I went to both semi-finals and finals with the directors. Talking to some of the guys, it’s like a big family that they’ve created and I’m not sure you see that anywhere else. You don’t see that in football anyway. Not much in Scotland and certainly not much in England. It’s a different setup. I would say it’s really unique.

“You have a hard time finding clubs you fall in love with if you don’t support them naturally, but I think I actually fell in love with Hearts.”

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The atmosphere of early summer: The DONG-A ILBO https://biofera.org/the-atmosphere-of-early-summer-the-dong-a-ilbo/ Thu, 16 Jun 2022 22:47:18 +0000 https://biofera.org/the-atmosphere-of-early-summer-the-dong-a-ilbo/

With summer on the horizon, the plums still retain the tartness to their liking, and the shadow of the plantain near the window sparkles on the silk curtain. The longer the days, the sweeter the siesta becomes with the cotton of the willows dispersed by the breeze. Nature tells us that summer is coming, and the poet eases the boredom by watching the children rush to grab the cotton. As the plantain and the silk curtain share their green hue, the poet takes full advantage of the atmosphere of early summer feeling connected to the excited children grabbing the cotton balls.

The poet, just in his forties at the time, could not enjoy the luxury of relaxing like in the poem. He stayed in his hometown to mourn the death of his father for three years. The royal court was plunged into chaos, divided between doves and hawks due to conflicts with the Jin dynasty founded by the Manchu Jurchens. As a hawk, he was busy visiting the patriots and berating incompetent and corrupt rulers. In that sense, his time off and downtime may seem a bit unfamiliar, but it may have been a precious time for him.

This poem is the first of a series of two poems. The poet again keeps his eyes on the children in the second poem. He sings that “When he sprinkled clear spring water in his hands on the plantain for fun, the children thought that raindrops were falling.” Maybe he was trying to forget the grim reality and feel the catharsis for a moment through the prism of childlike innocence. As he watched the children undistracted and shared the innocence with them, his suffering could have gently melted into the long summer days.

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Darwin Nunez on the ‘incredible atmosphere’ he experienced at Anfield and now can’t wait to call it home https://biofera.org/darwin-nunez-on-the-incredible-atmosphere-he-experienced-at-anfield-and-now-cant-wait-to-call-it-home/ Tue, 14 Jun 2022 20:41:14 +0000 https://biofera.org/darwin-nunez-on-the-incredible-atmosphere-he-experienced-at-anfield-and-now-cant-wait-to-call-it-home/

Darwin Nunez has known Anfield as an opponent but has expressed his enthusiasm to do so as a home player from now on.

Speaking to the club’s website, the 22-year-old said: “I’ve played against Liverpool and seen them in many Champions League games, and that’s my style of play.” There are great players here and I think it will suit my style of play here. Like I said, I watched a lot and it’s a very big club and I hope I can give everything I have to help the team.

“It was a spectacular experience to see what the fans are like in the stadium. It’s an incredible atmosphere. I think Liverpool have absolutely everything – good players and supporters who really help the team at times in the game. So, yeah, I think it’s a really big club and it’s going to be great here.

“As I told you, the atmosphere of this game was absolutely fantastic. Playing against these great players is a great experience for me because it’s something you dream of when you’re little. Playing there was an incredible experience. and at that moment I was like, ‘It must be great to play here.’

“Playing here at Liverpool, a huge team, and now I’m here for real and I’m grateful to the fans and the club for giving me this fantastic opportunity.”

It will be a different experience for our new No.27 the next time he steps out on our own turf as a Liverpool player and when he listens to ‘You’ll Never Walk Alone’ but as his own anthem.

If we have a good season, it will mean that the Uruguayan has been playing well and he will also experience huge atmospheres throughout the campaign – something we all hope will materialize.

EOTK insider opinion: Farewell to Loris Karius – one of the unluckiest players in Liverpool history

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Earth’s atmosphere could be a source of lunar water https://biofera.org/earths-atmosphere-could-be-a-source-of-lunar-water/ Mon, 13 Jun 2022 07:13:00 +0000 https://biofera.org/earths-atmosphere-could-be-a-source-of-lunar-water/

ANCHORAGE, Alaska (KTUU) — New research from a University of Alaska Fairbanks professor is helping NASA learn more about water at the moon’s north and south poles. Professor Gunther Kletetschka contributes to NASA’s Project Artemis, which involves a planned long-term human presence on the moon. His research shows that oxygen and hydrogen ions leave Earth’s atmosphere and fuse on the moon to create water and ice. This information is crucial because NASA plans to return humans to the Moon within ten years.

According to Kletetschka, where there is water, there can be life. More importantly, where there is water there is also hydrogen and oxygen, two important elements for providing fuel. Water and fuel are the first step to creating base camps on the moon. If an astronaut’s life system can be supported on the moon, it can also be supported by civilians. But, for Kletetscheka, this is only short term. He hopes that in the next few years base camps will be established on the moon so that we can be closer to other planets to explore.

“I see it as the first step towards colonization. Seems like it’s our destiny. We have created this brain in our heads and this brain allows us to think and try to find a way to use the space around us. This space means we don’t just have to stay on Earth,” Kletetschka said.

While Mars remains the end goal, NASA initially set its sights on exploring the moon’s surface with human and robotic explorers. In this way, they can learn to establish a community on a cosmic shore closer to home before doing so on other planets.

This research suggests that the moon’s north and south poles could contain a volume of water comparable to that of Lake Huron in North America, which is the eighth largest lake in the world.

Copyright 2022 KTUU. All rights reserved.

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Grateful Web Interview with Atmosphere https://biofera.org/grateful-web-interview-with-atmosphere/ Fri, 10 Jun 2022 21:27:52 +0000 https://biofera.org/grateful-web-interview-with-atmosphere/

Midwestern hip-hop group frontman Atmosphere, Sean Daley, or “Slug” as he goes on stage, are a rare breed in the sense that they seem to wear their hearts on their sleeve and have the prospect of allowing themselves to be their own person rather than a manufactured image of a character on stage. Sean carries himself with a sobering energy that reflects his sincerity in how he sees the world and communicates with a level of authenticity and empathy that is refreshing to see in an artist of his tenure. His lyrics are particularly vulnerable and offer a real opportunity for fans to connect with his songs on a molecular level, their message allowing them, as Sean puts it, “to hold (them) to heart”.

Grateful Web had the chance to sit down with Sean at this year’s Cali Roots Festival to get to know him better and see how the past few years have taught him about his industry, what they’ve taught him about being a best dad, and how his relationship with validation has evolved over the course of his career.

grateful web: So this festival has a lot more hip hop music than a lot of people would expect from a reggae festival. Why do you think rap and hip hop appeal so well to reggae fans at Cali Roots?

Sean Daley: I believe that rap and hip hop come from the same place as reggae in all honesty. It’s all about bass and drums, and so I think there’s a specific correlation to our hearts, drums specifically mimic our heartbeats, so when I hear or see people dancing to reggae, and then I see people dancing on our set, it’s the same dance, you know what I mean? It’s the same vibe, it’s the same feeling, and you can even, I know Ice Cube plays here, and Ice Cube and Atmosphere are very different when it comes to rapping, but what connects me to Ice Cube is the battery. And honestly, it all came from Jamaica to keep it real. I think it’s been well documented that the beginning of hip hop in the Bronx, and I’m not talking about the beginning of rap, but the beginning of hip hop in the Bronx was something that a DJ named Kool Herc brought from Jamaica. The first soundsets that were happening in the Bronx were based on something he was seeing in Jamaica with the different sound clashes.

GW: I don’t think any rational person can claim that we’ve just come out of the worst two years in the history of modern music. Tell us what the pandemic was like for you. The first two weeks, the uncertainty throughout, how productive you have been, whatever you feel comfortable sharing.

South Dakota: I have to say, you’re right, obviously Covid was a huge blow to the music industry, a huge blow to artists in all industries, it was hard on the art, but I also think the tragedy and difficulty are the breeding ground for amazing the art of being born, so I’ve kept that in mind throughout Covid, what kind of amazing music is going to come out of this? There’s all these artists who are stuck at home, and they’re scared and they’re nervous, what are they creating right now. Very similar, there were people who worked in bakeries who were stuck at home, I wondered “what are they creating at the moment?” For me, I was quite privileged. I have a bunch of kids, and a few of them are school-aged, so I kind of avoided being my kids’ distance coach. I took the studio and turned it into a little school, and we would wake up every morning and drive to the studio and start school. I would sit with them until they had their lesions, then I would go up and make lunch, then make sure they got back to school, or we would go outside and throw a ball and make sure that there was some kind of recess or some kind of activity and then they would go back to their lessons and I would go back to my writing. Again, I was very lucky and lucky for me to do it. On the other side, for me, there was a positive side because since I started having children, I had never had the opportunity to spend so much time with them because I toured every year. I would spend anywhere from six to 20 weeks on the road depending on the year so I was actually like the missing parent for many years so for me to have a full year and change to be able to spend time with them in such a focused way, and to really get to know more about who I am as a person and how I can be anal when it comes to organization, you know what I mean? They got to know their dad and I learned a lot about their personalities as kids, and so honestly, just me, I wouldn’t give that up for the world. I can imagine a lot of people don’t have the same story when it comes to Covid, but for me, I wouldn’t change anything about what happened.

Atmosphere |  California Roots |  Monterey, California

GW: How do you think the pandemic has changed music forever?

South Dakota: Well, I think, on the one hand, the pandemic has changed music forever because it has shown us how fragile our ecosystem really is. How when he stopped he broke everyone. It broke the people in the places and the people who worked there. It broke people in booking agencies, it broke artists, it broke everyone, and everyone, I think, now knows what it’s like to be artistically insecure, financially insecure also, the whole world could see that, but in artistic insecurity. Which I think is important, you know, because there’s a whole part of this world that’s stuck in financial insecurity forever, and there’s a whole part of this world that’s stuck in artistic insecurity forever, so when you took some of the people who lived this lavish life or as artists, on top of the world and you scared everybody about what’s next, and when the will things go back to normal, I think that maybe evened the playing field, at least in an emotional sense and it grabbed all of us and made us realize that we’re all the same. It didn’t matter if you were the guy from Metallica or if you were the guy from the band who lives next door, because everyone was scared.

GW: What was your first post-lockdown show?

South Dakota: After the confinements we did a tour. We went on tour in August last year. We booked a whole outdoor tour with Cyprus Hill. It was amazing because Delta was chasing us, and we all went through the tour, no one got sick, we were all living in a bubble. We weren’t allowed to hang out with anyone outside of the bubble, we stayed in the bubble, and it was a lot of fun, man. Playing with my own crew and hanging out with the Cypriot crew guys, and Z-Trip was with us, and it was a lot of fun because it kind of felt like a rap summer camp.

Atmosphere |  California Roots |  Monterey, California

GW: What’s one of your favorite paintings you’ve done lately?

South Dakota: I don’t title the paintings, but the one with purple and silver is probably the best I’ve done in a long time.

GW: Last night, I was pacing around my room listening to “God Loves Ugly”.

South Dakota: Oof, you have my condolences.

GW: No way. But it got me thinking, a lot of your music has always been about how we’re judged, how it affects us, our self-image, and I wonder, how has your relationship with validation gone? has it evolved throughout your career?

South Dakota: My relationship with validation. I think validation is tied to, I mean inspiration, but it’s tied to a goal, and so when you hit a goal, you can do the dance in the end zone and sting the ball, or you can achieve that goal and then look up and see the next goal and keep running with the soccer ball. What if a footballer did that? And if he got to the end zone, and instead of dancing and throwing the ball, he just kept running and jumped over the thing and ran up the stairs and ran for the door, and kept running . For me, that’s what I see as validation. You’re never quite, it’s not there, it’s not a real thing. It’s that carrot dangling in front of you that you run to, but the minute you grab the carrot and eat it, you realize you have to keep going, so you have to prepare the next carrot. My relationship with that over the years is probably, I would say, when I was younger I just wanted to be heard and understood and then as I got older I wanted to be able to provide and so I needed resources and then as I grew up I wanted to feel that unconditional love that comes from family, and now I’m older and I just want to be heard and understood, so I don’t really know, it just keeps moving, you’re just keep going to place the carrot a little further.

Atmosphere |  California Roots |  Monterey, California

GW: What is the next step for Atmosphere?

South Dakota: I’m going on tour this summer with a band called Iration. The tour is called Sunshine and Summer Nights, and I’m really excited for this tour because I feel like it’s going to give me the opportunity to not just party with these guys, have barbecues and having fun on the road with them, but I feel like they’re going to bring in an audience that has no idea, necessarily, who we are, and that, like with Cyprus Hill, the same way, even though it’s a different audience, when you get to play in front of people who don’t know who you are on a regular basis, it really builds your chops. It forces you to learn new tricks, how to talk to new people, you know what I mean? For me, that’s one of my favorite parts of the performance. By doing my own headlining tours, you can often start to realize that everyone here is there for you, and so you just have to do the songs they want to hear, the ones they care about, but when you’re playing in front of people who don’t know you, they don’t have songs that are close to their hearts, so you have this opportunity to leave a first impression and possibly convince them to go and get songs that are close to their hearts heart they can be dear to themselves.

GW: What question have you never asked in an interview?

South Dakota: No one ever asked me how much I weighed.

GW: So can you answer that?

South Dakota: Surely not! Why should I answer this? I didn’t know that was part of the deal.

Atmosphere |  California Roots |  Monterey, California

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The atmosphere of tax terror gradually faded after Narendra Modi became Prime Minister: Jitendra Singh https://biofera.org/the-atmosphere-of-tax-terror-gradually-faded-after-narendra-modi-became-prime-minister-jitendra-singh/ Thu, 09 Jun 2022 06:57:26 +0000 https://biofera.org/the-atmosphere-of-tax-terror-gradually-faded-after-narendra-modi-became-prime-minister-jitendra-singh/

Union Minister Jitendra Singh said on Wednesday that the number of taxpayers in the country had increased significantly over the past eight years and that the atmosphere of “tax terror” had gradually faded after Narendra Modi was became prime minister.

Speaking after the release of Aarohan, a coffee table book and e-book on the income tax department’s progressive contribution over the decades, here he said that under the leadership of Prime Minister Modi , the economic behavior of the country’s population has changed.

The program was organized to mark the 75th anniversary of India’s independence and “Amrit Mahotsav”, according to a statement issued by the Ministry of Personnel.

Singh, the Minister of State for Personnel, said that today the number of people willing to pay income tax is increasing and the credit goes to Prime Minister Modi who took several groundbreaking decisions, courageous and confident such as the introduction of TPS in recent years.

The Minister said that for the country’s comprehensive and inclusive growth, its economy must grow rather than be regulated.

He said that before 2014, the country had long witnessed a nightmare of struggle to make decisions for the people of the country, but all that has changed today.

Singh said the number of taxpayers in the country had increased significantly over the past eight years and the previous atmosphere of “tax terror” had gradually faded after Prime Minister Modi took office, the statement said. .

The minister said there was a time when only four crore people paid income tax in the country of over 130 crore people, but expressed hope that by the 100th anniversary of independence of India in 2047, only four crores of people will be left outside of income tax. report.


(Except for the title, this story has no editing by federal government staff and is published automatically from a syndicated feed.)

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The Ethics of Tinkering With Earth’s Atmosphere to Fight Climate Change https://biofera.org/the-ethics-of-tinkering-with-earths-atmosphere-to-fight-climate-change/ Tue, 07 Jun 2022 12:43:33 +0000 https://biofera.org/the-ethics-of-tinkering-with-earths-atmosphere-to-fight-climate-change/

Tinkering with the planet’s air to cool Earth’s ever-hotter climate is getting close enough to reality that two different high-level groups – one of scientists and the other of former world leaders – are trying to propose ethical and governmental guidelines.

On Thursday, the new Climate Overshoot Commission – which includes the former presidents of Mexico, Niger and Kiribati, a former Canadian prime minister, the ex-head of the World Trade Organization and other national ministerial-level officials – will hold its first meeting in Italy in a 15-month process to develop a governance strategy aimed at extracting carbon dioxide from the air, lowering temperatures by reflecting sunlight with artificial methods and adapting to climate change. This month, the American Geophysical Union, the largest society of scientists working on climate issues, announced it was forming an ethical framework for “climate intervention” that would be ready for debate at major international negotiations. about the climate in November in Egypt.

It shows that the idea of ​​”solar geoengineering is finally getting serious,” said Harvard University climatologist David Keith, a leader in the field.

Both groups said they don’t quite advocate geoengineering, which is putting particles in the air to reflect sunlight or whiten clouds, or the less-contested removal of carbon dioxide. , like technology to suck carbon out of the air but also more nature-based. solutions such as more trees and getting the oceans to soak up more carbon.

But the two groups say the ideas need to be discussed with global warming approaching and likely exceeding the international goal of limiting temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) since pre-industrial times. . The world has already warmed by 1.1 degrees Celsius (2 degrees Fahrenheit) since the mid-1800s and scientists say the world is expected to surpass the 1.5 degree mark in the 2030s.

“The problem of climate change is at a point where even extreme options need to be seriously considered,” Climate Overshoot Commission Executive Secretary Jesse Reynolds said Monday. “Now, to be clear, thinking about them includes the possibility of rejecting them. But not thinking about it doesn’t seem like a responsible way to go.

What is needed are ethical guidelines before anything is done to gain the public’s trust, just as the scientific community has done with the possibility of human cloning, the executive director said. ‘AGU, Randy Fiser. If that doesn’t happen, the public will get a giant backlash and won’t trust the community, said National Academy of Sciences president Marcia McNutt, who studied the matter but turned down a place on the board. AGU Ethics Committee due to other commitments.

An earlier report from the academy “talked about the double moral hazard of climate intervention: damned if you do, damned if you don’t,” McNutt said.

Opponents of geoengineering — such as Pennsylvania State University climatologist Michael Mann — worry that just talking about guidelines will make tinkering more likely to happen in the real world.

“I see this as a potentially cynical maneuver to buy the ostensible moral license to go ahead with dangerous geoengineering prescriptions,” Mann said in an email. He said not only could there be harmful side effects, but it relieves pressure to reduce fossil fuel emissions, which is badly needed.

New panels want to talk #ethics, rules of climate DIY. #ClimateCrisis #ClimateChange #CO2 #ClimateOvershootCommission

Mann also said no one can enforce ethics or governance rules, citing efforts to prevent Russia from invading Ukraine, but McNutt pointed to rules governing international oceans.

With or without guidelines, some of these high-tech ideas will come to fruition, leaders of both groups said. However, last year the Swedish government canceled an early but politically charged test of a device designed to put particles into the air which, if fully implanted, could eventually create what some would call an artificial volcano. temporarily cooling the globe like the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines.

“The work of examining climate strategies continues in the labs, both in the for-profit and not-for-profit sectors,” said Fiser of AGU, who said investors were pouring money into such projects.

Ethicists Nancy Tuana of Penn State and Christopher Preston of the University of Montana said that talking about the ethics of tinkering with the atmosphere would hamper efforts a little more.

“It’s going to slow him down and that’s a good thing,” Preston said in an email. “Ethical thresholds placed in frameworks are generally difficult to meet…An ethical framework can lead to paralysis. Ethics is not like mathematics. Ethical issues are often not “resolved”.

But doing nothing — no carbon dioxide reduction, no carbon dioxide removal, and no solar geoengineering — “is the worst outcome and also the path of least resistance,” he said. Stanford University ethics expert Hank Greely.

“I see climate intervention the same way I see the ‘Hail Mary’ pass in football,” said University of Colorado ice scientist Waleed Abdalati, former NASA chief scientist , referring to a last-ditch effort of desperation in a seemingly lost cause. “There’s a chance this will get us where we need to be, but just as no team wants to be in a position where that’s the game they have to do, scientists recognize that we as a society, would never want to be in a situation where we have to use such an approach to meet the challenge we face.

The Associated Press

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how weather balloons are launched and the importance of the data they collect https://biofera.org/how-weather-balloons-are-launched-and-the-importance-of-the-data-they-collect/ Sun, 05 Jun 2022 20:11:00 +0000 https://biofera.org/how-weather-balloons-are-launched-and-the-importance-of-the-data-they-collect/

BISMARCK, ND (KFYR) — We are wrapping up our series of in-depth dives into how weather balloons are launched by the National Weather Service and the very useful applications of the data they collect.

Last week we showed you how balloons are prepared for launch and now we have our hydrogen-filled latex balloon with a parachute attached to a string six feet below. 75 feet below is the radiosonde, which is the instrument that measures temperature, dew point, and GPS coordinates as the balloon travels about 20 miles through our atmosphere.

Diagram of attaching parachute and radiosonde to latex weather balloon(KARY)

Weather balloons are launched twice a day in hundreds of locations around the world, including from 68 weather forecast offices across the contiguous United States, allowing meteorologists to get a snapshot of the current state of our atmosphere.

“It’s more, kind of like a temperature measurement that you would see from your normal thermometer, but at altitude. And, it also measures humidity and it measures pressure and all that kind of stuff. So we we’re able to build a bigger 3D picture of what’s happening in real time,” said Matt Johnson, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service in Bismarck.

We launch this weather balloon at 6 p.m. so that the data has enough time to be ingested into the next update of our weather forecast models.

The ball must be thrown at these precise times, even in strong winds or in a blizzard.

“There were times when we launched into 50, 60 mph winds, so it’s pretty brutal.

Thus, the only conditions in which we could not launch a weather balloon would be a thunderstorm. We usually try to avoid launching in thunderstorms just because of the problem of lightning and the fact that you have a hydrogen balloon, but also the fact that if you launch the balloon in a thunderstorm it could also corrupt your data with the updraft. So you’re not getting a proper representation of the atmosphere, it’s a bit skewed depending on the thunderstorm,” Johnson said.

One last thing needs to be done before launch.

“We have to call Bismarck Tower to make sure we are free to throw the ball because we are close to the airport and we don’t want to interfere with international flights. So they have to give us an ‘OK’ to throw the ball. ball,” Johnson said.

“So what I do is get far enough away from the building that it doesn’t interfere with the ball. And then we kind of let it go,” Johnson said.

Now that we have a successful launch, the balloon will rise rapidly, with the first 25,000 feet, or 20 minutes of flight, being the most important as this is where most of our weather occurs. However, the balloon will continue to travel through the stratosphere before bursting once the balloon reaches approximately 25 feet in width.

Layers of the atmosphere showing how far weather balloons can travel before bursting
Layers of the atmosphere showing how far weather balloons can travel before bursting(KARY)

The balloon can also drift more than 200 km from the release point depending on the prevailing winds at altitude. However, in calm winds, weather balloons can stay quite close to their launch point.

Diagram showing how far and how far from the launch point the weather balloon can...
Diagram showing how far and how far from the launch point the weather balloon can travel through our atmosphere(KARY)

Once the balloon bursts, the radiosonde returns to Earth via the parachute and the radiosondes can be returned to the National Weather Service by mail.

“I think they said about 10% is returned, to maybe 5%. So most of them end up in people’s fields. They’re all biodegradable, so eventually they’ll all decompose , even the parachute, and it’s good for the environment. But it’s more of a set-and-forget system based purely on cost. It would be hard to recoup all of that,” Johnson said.

Back inside, we can start seeing our data coming from the ball.

“This is our Skew-T. We have our temperature profile here, followed by our dew point. And that’s kind of how we see the stability of the atmosphere, and we’re kind of able to plot and track and see if the environment is stable or unstable,” Johnson said.

Here’s the full Skew-T chart from our May 21 launch, with temperature in red and dew point in green from the surface down to tens of thousands of feet. The temperature lines, which are highlighted in black, are slanted and other lines on the graph help meteorologists judge how quickly temperatures are changing vertically in our atmosphere.

Skew-T diagram of the May 21 weather balloon launch at Bismarck.  Temperature (in Celsius)...
Skew-T diagram of the May 21 weather balloon launch at Bismarck. The temperature lines (in degrees Celsius) are slanted and highlighted in black. The red line is the temperature of the atmosphere and the green line is the dew point of the atmosphere that the radiosonde measures as the balloon rises.(KARY)

When the lines are closer together, there is more moisture in that layer of the atmosphere, allowing clouds to form there. Most of the ball’s flight is below zero, as shown with the area shaded in light blue.

The light blue shaded area on the Skew-T shows where the atmosphere is below freezing (below...
The light blue shaded area on the Skew-T indicates where the atmosphere is below freezing (below zero degrees Celsius)(KARY)

Temperatures normally decrease with altitude in our atmosphere, but when the temperature line moves to the right on our graph, it indicates that temperatures are increasing with altitude, called an inversion, which is a stable layer of the atmosphere .

The circled area on the Skew-T shows where an inversion is present - temperatures are rising...
The circled area on the Skew-T shows where an inversion is present – temperatures increase with altitude here, indicating a stable layer of our atmosphere.(KARY)

Wind speed and direction data are derived from the GPS coordinates of the radiosonde and these are plotted as the balloon rises.

These Skew-T charts are invaluable to meteorologists, especially when assessing whether conditions are favorable for severe weather. That’s why these weather balloons need to be launched twice a day, 365 days a year, to get accurate data on what’s really happening thousands of feet above our heads.

Copyright 2022 KFYR. All rights reserved.

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